As of July 2020, almost six million pupils aged 3-18 were being taught at 11,616 international schools globally, with student numbers increasing by some 7% from 5.6m in 2019.
“Some families have become more cautious about sending their child in their younger years to an overseas boarding school”
Previous forecasts have suggested that the schools will host almost 7m by 2023.
Around 3.7m of the total 5.98m pupils were attending international schools in Asia in 2020, with demand high particularly in East and South-East Asia, the 2020 Global Opportunities Report found.
In the past five years, enrolment in schools in Southern Asia has increased by 64.6% to 763,900, Eastern Asia up 33.3% to 627,200, South-Eastern Asia increased 31.5% to 563,500.
Enrolment in Western Asia (the Middle East) has grown by 20.6% since 2015, reaching a total of 1.7m in July.
“In recent years, some families have become more cautious about sending their child in their younger years to an overseas boarding school, preferring to keep their child closer to home and sending them to their local international or private school instead, particularly during the pre-prep years,” ISC Research’s head of Field Research Sam Fraser explained.
Schools that provide a “reliable pathway” to traditional higher education study destinations such as the UK and the US will see significant demand from the wealthiest Asian families, Fraser continued.
“British independent school brands with a presence in Asia have been particularly successful,” he explained.
Of the 44 British school brands currently in China, 33 are aligned with international Chinese-owned private schools meaning local children can access their offerings.
“The demand for these schools by wealthy aspirational parents is very high – enrolment at schools affiliated with British independent school brands in China has increased from 6,900 students in 2015 to 23,100 in 2020 and growth is likely to continue in this sector,” Fraser noted.
“China is not alone with the growth in demand for British school brand presence.”
Worldwide, 1.15% of the market consists of sister schools of foreign independent schools or affiliated with a foreign independent school brand. Some 14% are accredited by an independent third-party, the research found.
The report also found that international schools have proved to be resilient and adaptable to change in the face of the global pandemic. However, teaching and learning practices are expected to change in the long term for some.
Many schools quickly extended blended learning provision or introduced distance learning to accomplish learning outcomes, the report showed.
The capacity to provide a reliable education route during times of crisis “is a recurring characteristic of the market which is likely to be recognised by more families in the future”, it noted.
However, it explained that affordable fee levels will drive the majority of growth.
“As families seek more affordable education options, and as schools feel the pressures of operating in an increasingly competitive market, growth will be driven by schools’ capacity to provide quality, affordable education using multiple learning options and platforms.”
Fee levels vary notably from country to country and by school type, it continued, ranging from an annual average of US$16,340 in China, to $6,318 in Malaysia to $3,195 in India.
“Some schools in South East Asia and East Asia have already been reporting growth in the number of students who would currently be boarding in the UK or US but this year are enrolling in their home country instead, selecting the ultra-premium schools when they can,” Fraser highlighted.
“Whether these children remain in premium schools in-country, and do not return to boarding post-Covid, remains to be seen.”
ISC Research is currently collecting data on student enrolments during the pandemic.
Schools that “appear to be struggling the most” are those premium in nature, but without the best brand equity and prestige, Fraser said.
“These schools are seeing some students move upwards, to proactively fill spaces that have come available in the ‘best’ schools, whilst also seeing some other students move to the mid-market priced schools to make use of lower fees during this difficult period for many families,” he added.
“Schools will be watching their turnover closely this year”
“Issues surrounding recruitment and retention of good teachers are likely to have the biggest impact on quality.
“Schools will be watching their turnover closely this year to see how much Covid-19 has acted as a catalyst for teacher migration,” Fraser continued.
Campus closures resulting in restricted access to school and their facilities “mean less to parents than the teaching and learning provision and affordability of school fees”.
Schools in economies dependent on tourism with “a very transient nature of student turnover” will likely suffer more as a result of the pandemic, he suggested.
“Where international schools are dependent on the local market, campuses will likely cope better. From what we know right now, a 10-15% reduction in enrolment is likely for some schools; others have maintained enrolments the same or greater than last year.
“We will be able to report more reliably in the near future.”