European Council and member EU states could to do more in terms of enabling universities to be successful through regulatory frameworks, investments and direct funding of infrastructure, and staff upskilling.
Many countries in Europe have failed to repair cuts made to higher education since the 2008 financial crisis, despite experiencing economic recovery. Ireland, Italy and Spain are at lower levels than 2008.
The European University Association has created an interactive map documenting support for refugees in higher education across the region. Launched last month, the Refugees Welcome map currently displays 191 initiatives across Europe and further afield and is continuously being updated with new programmes.