To explore the university-employability relationship, QS used a five-metric method to capture each institution’s regard among 44,000 employers, alma mater data from 29,000 individuals, institutional industry partnerships, employer presence on campus, and location-adjusted graduate employment rate.
Overall, institutions from 73 countries were included in the top 500.
“When looked through the employability lenses… universities’ competitiveness is considerably more diverse”
Massachusetts Institute of Technology retained the dual honour of being both world number-one in QS’s world rankings and the number-one for employability, followed by Stanford University in second and the University of California at Los Angeles in third.
The University of Sydney took the fourth spot, with Harvard University rounding off the top five.
In stark contrast to the university world rankings, however, Tsinghua University in Mainland China ranked sixth while continental Europe’s top university Switzerland’s ETH Zurich placed 11 spots below it at number 17.
Mainland China has five institutions among the world’s top 50 in total and is the third-best represented study destination after the US, which boasts 20 top-50 institutions, and the UK with seven.
By comparison, Ecole Polytechnique in France ranked second in continental Europe, while two other French universities CentraleSupélec (69) and Université PSL (71) achieved top-100 positions.
And in Germany, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ranked highest at 36th place worldwide.
According to QS, the indicators allow universities which may not typically be ranked among the world’s best to earn credit for how successfully they prepare students for the world of work.
“For instance, UCLA, the University of Sydney and the University of Melbourne are all in the top 10 of the Graduate Employability Rankings despite falling outside of the world’s top 25 universities in our world ranking,” QS said in a statement.
Overall, a total of Australian universities participated in this edition of the rankings, five more than the previous year, with a total of eight Australian universities among the top 100.
Australian institutions were shown to perform best in the Employer Reputation indicator, followed by the Alumni Outcome and the Employer Partnership indicators.
“The Australian higher education system places a great emphasis on students’ career outcomes and such focus is reflected in this ranking,” said Ben Sowter, research director at QS.
Meanwhile, Chile’s Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile reached its highest-ever position in the rankings (33) to be named Latin America’s best university for graduate employability, while Mexico’s Tecnológico de Monterrey placed 42nd.
Of the 42 ranked Latin American universities, 36 outperform their overall QS world university rankings.
Sowter said that the results indicate that employability is a particular strength of Latin American universities.
“Our method is designed to offer [students] the most extensive look available at what their chosen university might do to help their career”
“Though budgetary constraints and the dominance of English as the academic lingua franca mean that the continent’s institutions do not perform as well in our research-focused rankings, it is clear that universities in the region have not neglected an essential aspect of their mission: getting students good post-study work,” he said.
Sowter added that the research shows that, amid the many reasons that students are going to university, concerns about their future career is primary amongst them.
“The rankings are designed as a service to those students, and our method is designed to offer them the most extensive look available at what their chosen university might do to help their career.
“[Overall] it is interesting to note that when looked through the employability lenses, the picture of the universities’ competitiveness is considerably more diverse than in the overall global rankings,” he added.
See QS’ Graduate Employability Rankings 2020 in full here